Practice These Principles
Living the Spiritual Disciplines and Virtues in 12-Step Recovery

Appendix 4: Common Manifestations of Self: Character Defects – Envy

This is one in a series of tables featuring the main character defects discussed in PTP Step 4. For accompanying tables of defective emotions, see Appendix 3 on this site. The tables are intended to help us take inventory using the guides to Inventory Type A and/or B



A comparative and competitive concern to attain the personal worth we perceive others possess but we lack and a consequent desire for it to be diminished or lost and for them to fail and be brought down.


 Terms &

Backbiting, begrudge, covet, eat one’s heart out, evil eye, grudge, grudging, heartburn, ill will, invidious, lusting, malice, resentfulness, spite



Gratitude, humility

For other character defects, please click on the appropriate link: Pride, Greed

For appendices 1, 2, or 3, please click on its link.